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Furniture is described as items that are made use of to make a room fitting for living, dwelling or working.
Since the Neolithic period, people have created furniture. Archeological excavations in Scotland particularly in Skara Brae, Orkney, have discovered a settlement dating back to 3215 BCE. Every single house had proof of stone furniture like beds, seating, and cupboards.
Furniture in the Prehistoric
As people in the prehistoric era discovered how to farm and settled in settlements permanently, they started to create furniture. Several of the earliest identified furniture where found in Europe where the items are believed to be from Stone Age village dating 2,000 BC at Sara Brae, Orkney Islands in Scotland. The Stone Age farmers settled in huts made out of stone while the rooftops were of whalebone and turf. In the interior, they fashioned stone furniture like cupboards and beds.
Furniture of Ancient Egyptians
Wealthy Egyptians resided in comfortable, spacious dwellings with numerous rooms. The walls were painted and floorings had tiles that were colored. In the interior of their abodes, these wealthy Egyptians had wooden furniture like chairs, tables, beds and chests for stowage. But rather than soft headrests, they had wooden pillows as headrests.
On the other hand, people of the average class settled in simpler abodes that are constructed with mud. When it was hot, people might have slumbered on the flat roof and most of their works were done outside due to the heat. Furniture was very basic. They took a seat on brick benches surrounding the walls and utilized chests made out of reeds or wooden pegs on walls to keep or stow their things.
Furniture of the Ancient Greek
Furniture in wealthy homes in Ancient Greece was simple. Ancient Greeks kept things in wooden containers or chests otherwise they hung them on wooden pegs on the wall. Dressers were present in a well-to-do household to put costly cups on view. People lounged on couches which were also used as beds. These couches were basically wooden frames with rope lattice and laid on top of it were mats or rugs.
Furniture in Ancient Rome
People who were well-off in Rome delight in extravagances like mosaics and glass window panes which were typically found in cooler areas of the empire, they even have type of central heating system termed as hypocaust. Murals on the wall were also present in the homes of rich Romans. They possessed very comfortable furniture that were upholstered and magnificently carved. They ate and feasted while lounging on couches. Evidently, for the meager Roman households, furniture was scarce and very basic.